Historical materialism and marxian economics have predictive qualities. Bourgeois science even occasionally come to roughly the same predictions as marxism, though in a very roundabout way.
Historical materialism and marxian economics draw both falsifiable and universal conclusions to a very large degree.
The falling rate of profit. Increasing concentrations of capital. Boom-bust cycles. The nature of value and how it is reflected in the marketplace. The consequences of the contradictions between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. The general social outlook of each class, and how ideology functions. There are too many things to list.
When we use the term “science” it’s not in the mathematics-physics-chemistry-biology quadripartite sense of the term, but a broader — and much more correct — non-positivist one. Many defences of sociology (a field of enquiry started by marxism) as a science probably apply here as well.
Marxism as a whole is constantly undergoing revisions in light of new experiences. Marx and Engels, upon witnessing the events in the Paris Commune, updated and expanded their theory. Lenin, Stalin, and every other marxist in the Russian revolution updated and expanded marxism in light of national and international events and developments. Again, Mao, Biao, and every other marxist in the Chinese revolution updated and expanded marxism in light of national and international events and developments.
As one of my all-time favourite quotes goes:
Marxism is the science of the laws governing the development of nature and society, the science of the revolution of the oppressed and exploited masses, the science of the victory of socialism in all countries, and the science of building communist society.
As a science, Marxism cannot stand still, it develops and is perfected. In its development, Marxism cannot but be enriched by new experience, new knowledge — consequently some of its formulas and conclusions cannot but change in the course of time, cannot but be replaced by new formulas and conclusions, corresponding to the new historical tasks. Marxism does not recognize invariable conclusions and formulas, obligatory for all epochs and periods. Marxism is the enemy of all dogmatism.
Marxism was not the highest development of marxism. Marxism-Leninism was not the highest development of marxism. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is not the highest development of marxism. And I think marxism is quite unique in the realm of politics in this regard.
I long for the next world-historical revolution, and the new theory that experience produces. It will prove the old wrong in many ways, and in will turn be proved wrong itself.
Witchcraft (also called witchery or spellcraft) is the use of magical faculties, most commonly for religious, divinatory or medicinal purposes.
The belief in and the practice of magic has been present since the earliest human cultures and continues to have an important religious and medicinal role in many cultures today.
"Magic is central not only in ‘primitive’ societies but in ‘high cultural’ societies as well…" X
What makes Marxism scientific?